When we talk about energy balance, we refer to the relation between intake of food and output of work (calories eaten vs calories used during the day).
Depending on our sport goals, body composition or clinical goals, we should considerate how to make this balance.
POSITIVE vs NEUTRAL vs NEGATIVE ENERGY BALANCE There are three types of BALANCE: POSITIVE, NEGATIVE or NEUTRAL ENERGY BALANCE.
Negative Energy Balance is when energy intake is less than energy expenditure, usually resulting in weight loss, looking for fat loss.
Positive Energy Balance occurs when energy intake is greater than energy expenditure, usually resulting in weight gain, looking for Muscle gain.
Last but not least, Neutral Energy Balance is when the calories you take in is equal to the calories expanded. The weight is usually maintained. We look for balance. CONCLUSIONS The first thing we have to analize at the time to look for some goal in body composition is Energy Balance. After that, calculation and distribution of macronutrients.